Pimples and Their Variations: Their Causes and How to Combat Each Type
Pimples are unfortunately an everyday occurrence for many people at least one point in their lives. The chances are that everyone has had one of each kind of pimple appear on their skin at least once in their lives. And just like the majority of things in life, acne comes in various shapes, sizes, and colors. Studying up on the different types is crucial if you want to know how to combat each type.
The two primary sources of pimples are hormones and clogged pores. Your sebaceous glands produce extra oil when dealing with an influx of hormones and external stimulation. Whiteheads and blackheads occur when hair follicles and oil glands are plugged with sebum or shed skin cells.
Knowing the reason behind your acne can help determine the treatment you need. No treatment helps with every kind of acne. So, it’s important to understand what you’re dealing with.
Below is a short guide to identifying and treating each type of pimple.
This kind of acne is small but annoying. These are the petite black and whiteheads you find across your face.
Comedonal pimples occur when oil and dead skin cells block pores. If the blocked pore in question is only partially clogged, it’s a blackhead. If the orifice is entirely closed off, it’s a white head.
One crucial factor in treating this kind of acne is not popping them. However, if you must pop a pimple, it’s essential to do so correctly. A facial can also help with comedonal acne where a professional can extract it safely. Spa treatments are also an option, many ingredients of which can be found in your kitchen.
Inflammation can cause many things including gut issues to chronic diseases. And pimples are one of the many ways it can appear, usually as papules or pustules. While papules are solid comedones that appear as red or pink bumps, pustules are irritated whitehead seeming lesions that contain pus.
Inflammatory acne comes from inside, mostly your diet. Skin-sabotaging triggers such as processed foods, starch, sugar, and stress are all contributors to this type of acne.
Dealing with this type of acne is usually done with oral medications or topically. It may, however, take a few months to see improvements.
Nodulocystic acne is the scientific name for painful pimples we usually label as cysts. Deep, painful cysts that can lead to scarring are the main characteristics of this type of acne.
Nodulocystic appear when blocked pores become increasingly irritated. The pimple grows bigger and moves deeper into the skin and often hurt to touch. While nodules are hard, cysts tend to be softer and contain pus.
While injections are a possibility to help diminish the size of them within a few hours, there is also the possibility of oral antibiotics prescribed from dermatologists. The primary goal is to lessen the oil production, so topicals such as retinol will help. Regular exfoliation also helps with the elimination of this acne type.
Menstruation creates ebbing and flowing hormones that can often appear as hormonal acne. Many female patients 20 to 30 years of age have hormonally-driven acne. This type usually occurs on the lower third of the face and looks like firm, pink bumps.
Some people can’t process hormones correctly which causes hormonal acne to occur. A buildup of estrogen and testosterone can happen in your system. If the surplus of hormones can’t be properly eliminated, a breakout occurs.
This acne is treatable topically or with oral medications such as spironolactone that helps block the effects of testosterone on the skin. As for serums, anything that speeds up cellular processes like antioxidants, enzyme peels, and retinol is a good option. Treatment through diet can also have a positive effect on your skin. Avoiding inflammatory foods, eating more greens and helping the healthy bacteria in your gut can help here as well.